EBSCO Host
Search Features Chart

Didn't Find
Enough
Index to Search Examples
And | Or |
Author | Company Name | Subject | Illustrations
Title of Article | Title of Journal
Proximity | Truncation

Found too
Much
This page was updated on June 22, 2005
BASIC:
AND
children and violence and television
Explanation
Find More
BASIC:
OR
Use similar terms - link them with OR
(children or child) and (violence or aggression) and television
Explanation
Find More
TRUNCATION

Find the ROOT of a word - end it with *
child* and (violence or aggression) and (television or tv)

Explanation
Find More :
USE FEWER CONCEPTS

Decreasing the number of concepts will increase the number of articles
child* and (violen* or aggress*) and (television or tv)

Explanation
Find Less:
USE MORE CONCEPTS

Increasing the number of concepts will decrease the number of articles
child* and (violen* or aggress*) and (television or tv) and parent*

Explanation
Find Less:
Proximity
Searching

W finds the words in the order listed.
N finds the words regardless of the order listed

child* n20 television w10 violence

Note!! Parenthesis can't be used in this type of search.

Explanation
Find Less:
Limit Search
to words in ARTICLE TITLE
TI(child* and violence and (television or tv))
Explanation
Limit Search to a
SPECIFIC JOURNAL
SO(CQ Researcher ) and child* and violence and (television or tv)
Explanation
Limit Search
to SPECIFIC AUTHOR
AU( Jost Kenneth) and child* and violence and (television or tv)

Note. Authors must be written:
lastname firstname (a separating comma is optional)

Explanation
Search for:
An Illustration
IL(Y) and child* and violence and (television or tv)
Explanation
Relate Search to:
A Company
SU(NBC ) and violence
Explanation
Find specific:
Subjects
SU(air traffic control ) and air safety

DE(air traffic control ) and air safety
Explanation












Didn't Find Enough Articles - Need More. Need Less

And | Concepts |

You may have selected a topic about which little has been written.
Reduce the number of concepts. Instead of writing about how violence on television affects children - write about how violence in any form affects children: violence and children.


Or

Try to add additional but similar terms. Children might also include adolescent, youngster, young adult and child. Add these terms to your search using Or.

Truncate

Truncation, in principle, is similar to using OR. It finds similar terms by using the root of a word. In our example, Child is the root of children - childs - childhood - childlike. By adding the truncation symbol * immediately after the root - child = child*, the search will find all words which begin child. Word Proximity

If you used word proximity to require that your search words or concepts be close to one another. Try searching for them further apart by using a larger number. This may retrieve some articles which are not relevant to your topics but it will also likely retrieve additional useful articles.

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Found too Many Articles - Need Less. Need More

And | Concepts |

You may have selected a topic about which a great deal has been written. Examine your subject and consider a narrower topic.

Add an additional concept. Instead of writing about how violence on television affects children - write about the role of the parent in the matter of television violence and its effect, if any, on children:

violence and children and television and parent.

Or

Examine the terms in the OR statement. Remove those which are less directly related to your subject. While the concept of Children might include adolescent, youngster, young adult and child. You might remove the terms adolescents or young adults, which imply older children.

Truncate

Truncation, in principle, is similar to using OR. However, there may be words with the same root which are not as related to a topic as we would like. Don't truncate. Spell out the terms needed and use Or.

Word Proximity

If you used word proximity to require that your search words or concepts be close to one another. Try searching for them closer together by using a smaller number. This may eliminate some articles of use but the ones remaining may be more relevant.

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UMI Proquest - Using AND

children and violence and television


The command AND requires that the words on either side of it be somewhere in any articles retrieved; but, the words need not be close to each other nor does the article have to discuss the relationship between them.

If you find that the articles retrieved are not related to your topics because your concepts are discussed in different parts of the article try using Word Proximity.

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FINDING MORE USING OR
UMI Proquest - OR allows the addition of similar words (synonyms).
This increases the change of finding additional articles.

(children or child) and (violence or aggression) and television

Step 1 - For each word in the search statement list additional words with the same or similar meanings.

a - Child, childhood, adolescent - etc. are similar in meaning to our original word children
b - Repeat this process for each word in the original search statement.
Step 2 - Construct a new search using "OR" (children or adolescent) and (violence or aggression) and (television or tv)
type it into the UMI Proquest search box and click on "Search".

Rule 1. Words connected with OR must be enclosed in (parenthesis) as illustrated.

Rule 2. OR requires only one term to be present - more than one may be present but only one is required.

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FINDING MORE USING TRUNCATION.
UMI PROQUEST

child* and violence and television

Instead of searching for children - search for child *. This tells the computer to find ALL words which start with the letters immediately preceeding the * no matter how long they are.

Note that this search is a work-saving version of:

child or childs or childhood or children or childrens

Either search will find the related words - child, children, childs, childhood and will likely increase the number of records found.

Some cautions concerning TRUNCATION.

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Limit the search to the title.

ti(child* and violence and (television or tv))

Specifying a TITLE search instructs the computer to search for the key words or phrases only in the TITLE FIELD. The rationale for such a search is that if the words or concepts are found in the title, it is more likely the book or article will be directly related to the subject being searched

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Find articles by a specific author.

AU( Jost, Kenneth ) and child* and violence and (television or tv)
OR
AU( Jost Kenneth ) and child* and violence and (television or tv)

Note. Authors can be written lastname firstname, (a separating comma is optional)

Authors will frequently write more than one article on a subject. If you find an author who has written an article you particularly like, search for additional articles by that author. They may be related to your topic.

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Find articles from a specific journal or magazine.

SO(CQ Researcher) and child* and violence and (television or tv)

Assignments are frequently constructed suggesting that certain periodicals, journals or magazines would be more helpful than others. And in your studies you may find particular periodicals more useful than others. This search demonstrates how you can limit a search to a specific periodical, journal or magazine title.

Because you are limiting to only one title using this method you may find you have to reduce the number of concepts or increase the use of OR.

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Require search words to be close to one another.

Designate how close to each other you want your concepts

instead of AND use N# or W# where # can be from 1 to 50.

W finds the words in the order listed.
N finds the words regardless of the order listed

child* n20 television w10 violence

The rationale for requiring words to be close to one another is that there is more likely to be a discussion of the relationship between those words than if they were far apart.

If the word television is found only in the first paragraph of a 10 page article and the word violence is only in the last paragraph of this article it is unlikely that there will be any discussion of the relationship between television and violence. By requiring these two words to be within 10 words of each other television w/10 violence (either word may come first) there is a much, much better chance of there being a discussion of the relationship between the two concepts in your search.

Decreasing the distance between words will decrease the number of articles found; but, is likely to increase the relevancy of the articles retrieved.

Increasing the distance between words will increase the number of articles found; but, is likely to decrease the relevancy of the articles retrieved.

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Search for an Illustration.

IL (Y) and child* and violence and (television or tv)

IL (chart) and child* and violence and (television or tv)

The search IL(y) requires that at least one illustration appear in an article.

IL(chart) - searches for charts
IL(cartoon) - searches for cartoons
IL(graph) - searches for graphs

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Search for articles related to a Specific Company.

SU (NBC) and violence

There is no really good way to search for a company name in this database. The best approach is to hope that the company name is mentioned in the Subject or Keyword field.


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Search for articles with specific words in the SUBJECT heading field.

SU (air traffic control) and safety

DE (air traffic control) and safety

The first search illustrated: SU (air traffic control) - is less exact and will find any article with the phrase "air traffic control" in the subject field - such as: air traffic control
air traffic control - United States
free flight(air traffic control)

The second search illustrated: DE (air traffic control) - requires an exact subject heading and will find only those articles which have the exact subject heading:

air traffic control

Clicking on a subject heading in an article is the same as using DE.

The following notes apply to both types of searches.

NOTE!!!!

  • Not all articles in EBSCO have been assigned subject headings.
  • Searching for articles using the subject search feature ELIMINATES all articles that have not been assigned subject headings BUT WHICH MAY BE RELEVANT FOR YOUR NEEDS.
  • The SUBJECT field contains words that someone has decided best describes the article. These words come from a standardized list. DON'T CONDUCT A SUBJECT SEARCH WITH THE WORDS YOU THINK BEST DESCRIBES THE TOPIC.
    • If you don't know the exact subject assinged by the database company then search for your material by not using the subject heading feature.
    • Look through the resulting articles until you find an article that is 1) very close to what you wanted, and 2) lists subject headings. You can now use the subject headings you found to conduct a SUBJECT search.


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Printing and Emailing procedures for EBSCO Host

Conduct a search as indicated in "Basic Searching" or "Advanced Searching". This will produce a list of articles as illustrated in Box 1. If the list is more than 100 articles you may wish to narrow your search to produce a shorter but more relevant list of articles.

If the list of articles is a long one you may wish to make a selection of articles to avoid filling your mailbox with unnecessary or unwanted articles. Select an article by placing a check in the box to the left of the article title. (Clicking a second time will remove the check from the box.) Moving from page to page does not erase the check marks. When completed with checking articles click on the Print/e-mail/Save box. This will bring-up Box 2.

Box 1

Box 2

EBSCO has entered default values for many selections and in most cases they can be left as is. However, make sure the selection in 5 is what you want.

  • Display to Print.
  • Display to Save.
  • Via e-mail.

Selecting via e-mail can save you money. Your Storm Card permits you to make prints of 250 pages . Most students never exceed this number. However, once you start paying additional sums of money for printing you will be charged $.08 per page. In this case it may be cheaper to print using your home printer.

Another advantage of e-mail is that it gives you an electronic copy of your documents. It may be easier to cut and past selections into your paper than to type them. (Remember to include the correct citations whether you type or past selections from any source into your papers.)

When the selectons are as you want them click on the Submit button at the lower left. NOTE. If you have marked documents the "Marked Records" button will appear and will be checked. If you did not check any documents the "Marked Records" button will NOT appear.

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Use the back button at the top of the screen to return to the page you wish.





This page is maintained by P. Charles Livermore
Reference Librarian, St. John's University, New York.
8000 Utopia Parkway
Jamaica, NY 11439
718 990 5330
It was last updated on July 9, 2001.
Suggestions and corrections are welcome and should be sent to him.